Scalefish Eastern Australian Salmon

Eastern Australian Salmon
Arripis trutta

Illustration©R.Swainston/anima.fish

2019/20 Assessment Summary

STOCK STATUS
SUSTAINABLE


Summary
Eastern Australian Salmon has a long history of exploitation across south-eastern Australia. Low commercial landings in Tasmania in recent years are driven by market demand rather than abundance. The current level of fishing pressure in Tasmania is well below historically sustained levels and thus unlikely to cause the biological stock to become recruitment impaired.


Importance
Key


Stock
Tasmanian Scalefish Fishery


Indicators
Catch, effort and CPUE trends


Managing Jurisdiction
State (Tasmania)


Background

There are two species of Australian Salmon inhabiting Tasmanian waters: Arripis trutta (Eastern Australian Salmon) and Arripis truttaceus (Western Australian Salmon). Eastern Australian Salmon constitutes approximately 94% of Tasmanian commercial catches.

Australian Salmon have a long history of exploitation in Tasmania, with large-scale commercial fishing occurring since at least 1958 (Stewart et al. 2011). There are two distinct sectors in the commercial fishery: (1) a small number of large vessels specifically equipped to capture and store large quantities of Australian Salmon, and (2) a large number of small vessels which target the species on an opportunistic basis or take them as by-product. A single company operating up to three vessels has typically accounted for more than 80% of Australian Salmon landings.

Most commercially caught Australian Salmon are frozen whole and sold as rock lobster bait, with production levels linked to the demand for bait. Some Australian Salmon are sold fresh for human consumption.

Australian Salmon is the second most important species for recreational fishers (Lyle 2005, Lyle et al. 2009, Lyle et al. 2014, Lyle et al. 2019), who target this species mainly by using line fishing methods.

The full 2019/20 Scalefish Assessment can be found at the link: